• In 2020, researchers at Pitt’s School of Medicine and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases discovered that intravenous TB vaccination is highly protective against the infection in monkeys, compared to the standard injection directly into the skin, which offers minimal protection.
Nobel Prize-winning research on guinea pigs led to the first antibiotic effective against tuberculosis. (Even with vaccination, TB continues to kill more people than any other infectious disease.)
• In addition, artificially infected mice, rabbits and monkeys have been indispensable in studying transmission, vaccines, genetic resistance and other facets of TB.
• TB tests developed in 2019 are expected to lead to vaccination programs for cows.